Travel Interests: Arts and culture,Honeymoon,Museums and Galleries,Architecture,Shopping tour,Tours and Sightseeing,World heritage sites
Rome trip plan, full day by day travel plan in Rome. Our Summer vacation in Rome travel Itinerary, the best things to do in Rome:The Colosseum, The Roman Forum, Piazza Navona, the Spanish steps and more attractions in Rome.
This is probably the thing that first comes to many peoples minds when they think of Rome. I recommend booking tickets online to avoid the ticket lines.
And it is definitely worth going at sunset to catch some great outside shots. These likely will be some of your favorite photos from your trip!
The Colosseum or Coliseum, also known as the Flavian Amphitheatre, is an oval amphitheatre in the centre of the city of Rome, Italy. Built of travertine, tuff, and brick-faced concrete, it is the largest amphitheatre ever built. The Colosseum is situated just east of the Roman Forum. Construction more.. began under the emperor Vespasian in AD 72, and was completed in AD 80 under his successor and heir Titus. Further modifications were made during the reign of Domitian. These three emperors are known as the Flavian dynasty, and the amphitheatre was named in Latin for its association with their family name.
The Colosseum could hold, it is estimated, between 50,000 and 80,000 spectators, having an average audience of some 65,000; it was used for gladiatorial contests and public spectacles such as mock sea battles, animal hunts, executions, re-enactments of famous battles, and dramas based on Classical mythology. The building ceased to be used for entertainment in the early medieval era. It was later reused for such purposes as housing, workshops, quarters for a religious order, a fortress, a quarry, and a Christian shrine.
Although partially ruined because of damage caused by earthquakes and stone-robbers, the Colosseum is still an iconic symbol of Imperial Rome. It is one of Rome's most popular tourist attractions and also has links to the Roman Catholic Church, as each Good Friday the Pope leads a torchlit "Way of the Cross" procession that starts in the area around the Colosseum.
The Colosseum is also depicted on the Italian version of the five-cent euro coin.
The Colosseum's original Latin name was Amphitheatrum Flavium, often anglicized as Flavian Amphitheatre. The building was constructed by emperors of the Flavian dynasty, following the reign of Nero. This name is still used in modern English, but generally the structure is better known as the Colosseum. In antiquity, Romans may have referred to the Colosseum by the unofficial name Amphitheatrum Caesareum, but this name may have been strictly poetic as it was not exclusive to the Colosseum; Vespasian and Titus, builders of the Colosseum, also constructed an amphitheater of the same name in Puteoli.
The name Colosseum has long been believed to be derived from a colossal statue of Nero nearby. This statue was later remodeled by Nero's successors into the likeness of Helios or Apollo, the sun god, by adding the appropriate solar crown. Nero's head was also replaced several times with the heads of succeeding emperors. Despite its pagan links, the statue remained standing well into the medieval era and was credited with magical powers. It came to be seen as an iconic symbol of the permanence of Rome.
In the 8th century, a famous epigram attributed to the Venerable Bede celebrated the symbolic significance of the statue in a prophecy that is variously quoted: Quamdiu stat Colisæus, stat et Roma; quando cadet colisæus, cadet et Roma; quando cadet Roma, cadet et mundus. This is often mistranslated to refer to the Colosseum rather than the Colossus. However, at the time that the Pseudo-Bede wrote, the masculine noun coliseus was applied to the statue rather than to what was still known as the Flavian amphitheatre.
The Colossus did eventually fall, possibly being pulled down to reuse its bronze. By the year 1000 the name "Colosseum" had been coined to refer to the amphitheatre. The statue itself was largely forgotten and only its base survives, situated between the Colosseum and the nearby Temple of Venus and Roma.
The name further evolved to Coliseum during the Middle Ages. In Italy, the amphitheatre is still known as il Colosseo, and other Romance languages have come to use similar forms such as Coloseumul, le Colisée, el Coliseo and o Coliseu. less..
Piazza del Colosseo, 1, 00184 Roma RM, Italy
Monday: 8:30 AM – 7:00 PM Tuesday: 8:30 AM – 7:00 PM Wednesday: 8:30 AM – 7:00 PM Thursday: 8:30 AM – 7:00 PM Friday: 8:30 AM – 7:00 PM Saturday: 8:30 AM – 7:00 PM Sunday: 8:30 AM – 7:00 PM
The Capitoline Hill, between the Forum and the Campus Martius, is one of the Seven Hills of Rome.
The hill was earlier known as Mons Saturnius, dedicated to the god Saturn. The word Capitolium first meant the temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus later built here, and afterwards it was used for the more.. whole hill, thus Mons Capitolinus. Ancient sources refer the name to caputand the tale was that, when laying the foundations for the temple, the head of a man was found. Some sources even saying it was the head of some Tolus or Olus. The Capitolium was regarded by the Romans as indestructible, and was adopted as a symbol of eternity.
By the 16th century, Capitolinus had become Capitolino in Italian, and Capitolium Campidoglio. The Capitoline Hill contains few ancient ground-level ruins, as they are almost entirely covered up by Medieval and Renaissance palacesthat surround a piazza, a significant urban plan designed by Michelangelo.
Influenced by Roman architecture and Roman republican times, the word Capitolium still lives in the English word capitol. The Capitol Hill in Washington, D.C. is widely assumed to be named after the Capitoline Hill, but the relation is not clear. less..
Capitoline Hill, 00186 Rome, Metropolitan City of Rome, Italy
Adjacent to the Coliseum is the Roman Forum and Palatine Hill, where you will find an abundance of ancient Rome to explore. Your ticket to the Coliseum will also gain you a one-time admittance to the Forum and Palatine Hill.
I recommend taking water and sunscreen in the summer, and definitely wear your good walking shoes as the paths are a bit bumpy after 2000 years of use!
The Roman Forum, also known by its Latin name Forum Romanum, is a rectangular forumsurrounded by the ruins of several important ancient government buildings at the center of the city of Rome. Citizens of the ancient city referred to this space, originally a marketplace, as the Forum Magnum, or more.. simply the Forum.
For centuries the Forum was the center of day-to-day life in Rome: the site of triumphal processions and elections; the venue for public speeches, criminal trials, and gladiatorial matches; and the nucleus of commercial affairs. Here statues and monuments commemorated the city's great men. The teeming heart of ancient Rome, it has been called the most celebrated meeting place in the world, and in all history. Located in the small valley between the Palatine and Capitoline Hills, the Forum today is a sprawling ruin of architectural fragments and intermittent archaeological excavations attracting 4.5 million sightseers yearly.
Many of the oldest and most important structures of the ancient city were located on or near the Forum. The Roman Kingdom's earliest shrines and temples were located on the southeastern edge. These included the ancient former royal residence, the Regia, and the Temple of Vesta, as well as the surrounding complex of the Vestal Virgins, all of which were rebuilt after the rise of imperial Rome.
Other archaic shrines to the northwest, such as the Umbilicus Urbis and the Vulcanal, developed into the Republic's formal Comitium. This is where the Senate—as well as Republican government itself—began. The Senate House, government offices, tribunals, temples, memorials and statues gradually cluttered the area.
Over time the archaic Comitium was replaced by the larger adjacent Forum and the focus of judicial activity moved to the new Basilica Aemilia. Some 130 years later, Julius Caesar built the Basilica Julia, along with the new Curia Julia, refocusing both the judicial offices and the Senate itself. This new Forum, in what proved to be its final form, then served as a revitalized city square where the people of Rome could gather for commercial, political, judicial and religious pursuits in ever greater numbers.
Eventually much economic and judicial business would transfer away from the Forum Romanum to the larger and more extravagant structuresto the north. The reign of Constantine the Great saw the construction of the last major expansion of the Forum complex—the Basilica of Maxentius. This returned the political center to the Forum until the fall of the Western Roman Empire almost two centuries later. less..
Via della Salara Vecchia, 5/6, 00186 Roma RM, Italy
Monday: 9:00 AM – 7:00 PM Tuesday: 9:00 AM – 7:00 PM Wednesday: 9:00 AM – 7:00 PM Thursday: 9:00 AM – 7:00 PM Friday: 9:00 AM – 7:00 PM Saturday: 9:00 AM – 7:00 PM Sunday: 9:00 AM – 7:00 PM
Just a short distance to the east of the Pantheon is Piazza Navona. This square features 3 beautiful fountains and many restaurants. What once was one of many Roman arenas is now filled with local artisans and a church dedicated to a young Christian Martyr.
We could sit by these fountains all day long, they were all so beautiful!
Piazza Navona is a square in Rome, Italy. It is built on the site of the Stadium of Domitian, built in the 1st century AD, and follows the form of the open space of the stadium. The ancient Romans went there to watch the agones, and hence it was known as "Circus Agonalis". It is believed that over more.. time the name changed to in avone to navone and eventually to navona. less..
This ancient 2000 year old concrete dome is a true architectural phenomena. What once was built as a temple for all of the Roman gods is now a Catholic church. As with most churches in Rome, you can visit Free all days except Sunday, when Mass is held. There are also an abundance of great Coffee Bars and Restaurants in the blocks surrounding the Pantheon.
Pantheon may refer to:
Piazza della Rotonda, 00186 Roma RM, Italy
Monday: 9:00 AM – 6:00 PM Tuesday: 9:00 AM – 6:00 PM Wednesday: 9:00 AM – 6:00 PM Thursday: 9:00 AM – 6:00 PM Friday: 9:00 AM – 6:00 PM Saturday: 9:00 AM – 6:00 PM Sunday: 8:30 AM – 7:30 AM
Located in an upscale part of Rome, you will find shopping opportunities at the bottom of the stairs, and beautiful views from the top. Venture beyond the top of the steps to the Borghese Gardens. While at the Spanish Steps, imagine the models waiting on the stairs during the Renaissance, hoping artists would hire them!
The Trevi Fountain is a fountain in the Trevi district in Rome, Italy, designed by Italian architect Nicola Salvi and completed by Pietro Bracci. Standing 26.3 metres high and 49.15 metres wide, it is the largest Baroque fountain in the city and one of the most famous fountains in the world. The more.. fountain has appeared in several notable films, including Federico Fellini's La Dolce Vita, the eponymous Three Coins in the Fountain, and The Lizzie McGuire Movie. less..
Piazza Veneziais the central hub of Rome, Italy, in which several thoroughfares intersect, including the Via dei Fori Imperiali and the Via del Corso. It takes its name from the Palazzo Venezia, built by the Venetian Cardinal, Pietro Barboalongside the church of Saint Mark, the patron saint of more.. Venice. The Palazzo Venezia served as the embassy of the Republic of Venice in Rome.
One side of the Piazza is the site of Italy's Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in the Altare della Patria, part of the Monument to Vittorio Emanuele II, first king of Italy.
The piazza or square is at the foot of the Capitoline Hill and next to Trajan's Forum. The main artery, the Viale di Fori Imperiali begins there and leads past the Roman Forum to the Colosseum.
In 2009, during excavations in the middle of the square for the construction of the Rome C Metro Line, remains of the emperor Hadrian's Athenaeum were unearthed. less..
Campo de' Fioriis a rectangular square south of Piazza Navona in Rome, Italy, at the border between rione Parione and rione Regola. It is diagonally southeast of the Palazzo della Cancelleria and one block northeast of the Palazzo Farnese. Campo de' Fiori, translated literally from Italian, means more.. "field of flowers". The name dates to the Middle Ages when the area was a meadow. less..
Visiting the Vatican is an absolute must… it’s AMAZING!!! It’s a must for any list of Top Rome Italy Travel Tips. Be sure to book tickets online through the Vatican ahead of time to ensure you don’t have to wait in long ticket lines.
One ticket will gain you entry to the Vatican Museums and the famous Sistine Chapel, featuring works by Michelangelo. Another ticket will gain you admittance to St. Peters Basilica, where the apostle Peter is buried. We also purchased a separate ticket to climb the stairs to the top of the Dome, a lot of climbing, but the views of the city and St. Peter’s Square were amazing.
Vatican City, officially Vatican City State or the State of Vatican City, is a country located within the city of Rome. With an area of approximately 44 hectares, and a population of 1,000, it is the smallest state in the world by both area and population. However, formally it is not sovereign, with more.. sovereignty being held by the Holy See.
It is an ecclesiastical or sacerdotal-monarchical stateruled by the Bishop of Rome – the Pope. The highest state functionaries are all Catholic clergy of various national origins. Since the return of the popes from Avignon in 1377, they have generally resided at the Apostolic Palace within what is now Vatican City, although at times residing instead in the Quirinal Palace in Rome or elsewhere.
Vatican City is distinct from the Holy See, which dates back to early Christianity and is the main episcopal see of 1.2 billion Latin and Eastern Catholic adherents around the globe. The independent city-state, on the other hand, came into existence in 1929 by the Lateran Treaty between the Holy See and Italy, which spoke of it as a new creation, not as a vestige of the much larger Papal States, which had previously encompassed much of central Italy. According to the terms of the treaty, the Holy See has "full ownership, exclusive dominion, and sovereign authority and jurisdiction" over the city-state.
Within Vatican City are religious and cultural sites such as St. Peter's Basilica, the Sistine Chapel and the Vatican Museums. They feature some of the world's most famous paintings and sculptures. The unique economy of Vatican City is supported financially by the sale of postage stamps and tourist mementos, fees for admission to museums, and the sale of publications.
00120 Vatican City
The Mausoleum of Hadrian, usually known as Castel Sant'Angelo, is a towering cylindrical building in Parco Adriano, Rome, Italy. It was initially commissioned by the Roman Emperor Hadrian as a mausoleum for himself and his family. The building was later used by the popes as a fortress and castle, more.. and is now a museum. The Castle was once the tallest building in Rome. less..
Lungotevere Castello, 50, 00193 Roma RM, Italy
Monday: 9:00 AM – 7:30 PM Tuesday: 9:00 AM – 7:30 PM Wednesday: 9:00 AM – 7:30 PM Thursday: 9:00 AM – 7:30 PM Friday: 9:00 AM – 7:30 PM Saturday: 9:00 AM – 7:30 PM Sunday: 9:00 AM – 7:30 PM
Piazza del Popolo is a large urban square in Rome. The name in modern Italian literally means "People's Square", but historically it derives from the poplars after which the church of Santa Maria del Popolo, in the northeast corner of the piazza, takes its name.
The piazza lies inside the northern more.. gate in the Aurelian Walls, once the Porta Flaminia of ancient Rome, and now called the Porta del Popolo. This was the starting point of the Via Flaminia, the road to Ariminum and the most important route to the north. At the same time, before the age of railroads, it was the traveller's first view of Rome upon arrival. For centuries, the Piazza del Popolo was a place for public executions, the last of which took place in 1826. less..
Piazza del Popolo, 00187 Roma RM, Italy
Monday: Open 24 hours Tuesday: Open 24 hours Wednesday: Open 24 hours Thursday: Open 24 hours Friday: Open 24 hours Saturday: Open 24 hours Sunday: Open 24 hours
The Spanish Stepsare a set of steps in Rome, Italy, climbing a steep slope between the Piazza di Spagna at the base and Piazza Trinità dei Monti, dominated by the Trinità dei Monti church at the top.
The monumental stairway of 135 stepswas built with French diplomat Étienne Gueffier’s bequeathed more.. funds of 20,000 scudi, in 1723–1725, linking the Bourbon Spanish Embassy, and the Trinità dei Monti church that was under the patronage of the Bourbon kings of France, both located above — to the Holy See in Palazzo Monaldeschi located below. The stairway was designed by architects Francesco de Sanctis and Alessandro Specchi. less..
When in Rome, you must get get tickets in advance (date and time are very strict!) to see the Borghese Gallery. Some of the finest works of art in all of Italy (in the world) await you there! Totally worth the effort for art lovers. After our visit we walked back to the Spanish steps, then back to the Pantheon near the center of Rome. Borghese is a must for all art and history lovers.
Villa Borghese may refer to:
The Villa Borghese Pinciana, the villa built by the architect Flaminio Ponzio, developing sketches by Scipione Borghese, who used it as a villa suburbana, a party villa, at the edge of Rome, and to house his art collection.
The Galleria Borghese which now occupies the more.. above.
The Villa Borghese gardens, the gardens in which the above villa is sited
Any other villas held by the Borghese family
Villa Borghesea 1953 Italian film directed by Vittorio de Sica less..
Piazzale Napoleone 1, 00197 Roma RM, Italy
Monday: Open 24 hours Tuesday: Open 24 hours Wednesday: Open 24 hours Thursday: Open 24 hours Friday: Open 24 hours Saturday: Open 24 hours Sunday: Open 24 hours
The Capitoline Museumsare a single museum containing a group of art and archeological museums in Piazza del Campidoglio, on top of the Capitoline Hill in Rome, Italy. The historic seats of the museums are Palazzo dei Conservatori and Palazzo Nuovo, facing on the central trapezoidal piazza in a plan more.. conceived by Michelangelo in 1536 and executed over a period of more than 400 years. The history of the museums can be traced to 1471, when Pope Sixtus IV donated a collection of important ancient bronzes to the people of Rome and located them on the Capitoline Hill. Since then, the museums' collection has grown to include a large number of ancient Roman statues, inscriptions, and other artifacts; a collection of medieval and Renaissance art; and collections of jewels, coins, and other items. The museums are owned and operated by the municipality of Rome.
The statue of a mounted rider in the centre of the piazza is of Emperor Marcus Aurelius. It is a copy, the original being housed on-site in the Capitoline museum.
Opened to the public in 1734 under Clement XII, the Capitoline Museums are considered the first museum in the world, understood as a place where art could be enjoyed by all and not only by the owners. less..
Piazza del Campidoglio, 1, 00186 Roma RM, Italy
Monday: 9:30 AM – 7:30 PM Tuesday: 9:30 AM – 7:30 PM Wednesday: 9:30 AM – 7:30 PM Thursday: 9:30 AM – 7:30 PM Friday: 9:30 AM – 7:30 PM Saturday: 9:30 AM – 7:30 PM Sunday: 9:30 AM – 7:30 PM
The Basilica of Santa Maria in Trastevere; English: Our Lady in Trastevere) is a titular minor basilica in the Trastevere district of Rome, and one of the oldest churches of Rome. The basic floor plan and wall structure of the church date back to the 340s, and much of the structure to 1140-43. The more.. first sanctuary was built in 221 and 227 by Pope Callixtus I and later completed by Pope Julius I. The church has large areas of important mosaics from the late 13th century by Pietro Cavallini. less..
Piazza di Santa Maria in Trastevere, 00153 Roma RM, Italy
Monday: 7:30 AM – 9:00 PM Tuesday: 7:30 AM – 9:00 PM Wednesday: 7:30 AM – 9:00 PM Thursday: 7:30 AM – 9:00 PM Friday: 7:30 AM – 9:00 PM Saturday: 7:30 AM – 9:00 PM Sunday: 7:30 AM – 9:00 PM
+39 06 581 4802
Trastevereis the 13th rione of Rome, on the west bank of the Tiber, south of Vatican City, and within Municipio I. Its name comes from the Latin trans Tiberim, meaning literally "beyond the Tiber". Its logo is a golden head of a lion on a red background, the meaning of which is uncertain. To the more.. north, Trastevere borders the XIV rione, Borgo. less..
Trastevere, Rome, Metropolitan City of Rome, Italy
Save your Water Bottles and fill them for free at the many fountains around town. It is an easy way to always have water handy and to save a little money!
Check with your Credit Card company before travelling to see what fees they charge. Save money when you use a Credit Card that does not charge the traditional 3% foreign exchange transaction fee.
You can usually get some of the best available exchange rates by withdrawing funds at a cash machine at the airport upon arrival in Italy.
Bringing a physical Map of Rome was a total lifesaver for us! Cell phone coverage was sometimes spotty. We also were using our Phones to take pictures all day long, so battery life was an issue. Having a paper map made navigating possible without having to always rely on our phone.
Safety and security
Storing your cash, credit cards, and other valuables in a Money Belt is the easiest way to keep them out of sight!
Tours and attractions
Plan and Pre-Book major sights and attractions whenever possible, especially if you are traveling in mid-March (spring break) or between May and July. You can use : www.klook.com
Get up early every once and a while. Many cities, like Rome and Venice, have a completely different feel without the hoards of tourists. It is worth it to get an early start (especially in the hot summer) to get a different perspective of the city and to see many of the monuments not littered with people.